Education Paper Summary

Pythagoras, Geometrician and Philosopher

RWBro. John McIntosh,

Not only was Pythagoras one of the foremost of the ancient Greek philosophers and geometricians, but his work figures importantly in that of the Craft. Not unlike Freemasons, Pythagoras students were distinguished for their reverence for the deity and their love for their fellow human beings. The symbols adopted by Pythagoras in his secret instruction were principally derived from geometry. The right angle was an emblem of morality and justice. The equilateral triangle was a symbol of God, the essence of light and truth. The square referred to the divine mind. The point within a circle was a symbol of the universe.

The Arts And Sciences In Freemasonry

RWBro. John McIntosh,

Together, the "Trivium" and the "Quadrivium" made up the seven Liberal Arts and Sciences (Encyclopaedia Britannica 1963, XXII). hierarchy of Masonic consciousness and the seven steps by which a man may progress from Tyler to Worshipful Master of a Lodge by considering each office of a Lodge in the context of one of the seven Liberal Arts and Sciences (MacNulty 1991).

The Inner Guard (once known as the Inner Tyler: Jones, 1950) stands as counterpart to the Tyler within the door of the Lodge. For Logic, as introduced by Aristotle, is an Art which is at once highly structured and extremely philosophical or somewhat removed from the physical world (Encyclopaedia Britannica 1963, XIV).

The Junior Deacon, a messenger between the Senior Warden and Junior Warden, is associated with Rhetoric, the Art which teaches persuasive and impressive writing by involving the feelings of the reader. The Senior Deacon is a messenger between the Worshipful Master and the Senior Warden. The Junior Warden is associated with the Science of Geometry, a Science whereby we find out the contents of bodies unmeasured by comparing them with those already measured (MacNulty 1991, Encyclopaedia Britannica 1961, VIII). The Worshipful Master, elevated both spiritually and physically above any other Officer of the Lodge, is associated with the Science of Astronomy (MacNulty 1991).

Origins of the Ancient Ritual or Workings of Freemasonry in B.C.

RW.Bro. D Greer

It is generally agreed that the ancient work originated in the early days of Freemasonry in B.C. when there were only two rituals practised, the Emulation used by those lodges chartered by the Grand Lodge of England, and the Ancient or American used by the lodges chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland. The one difference between the policies of these two Grand Lodges was that the Grand Lodge of Scotland allowed the lodges she chartered to use the ritual of their choice, whether or not it was the same as that used in the lodges in Scotland.

Chris Wright (late secty of Ashlar Lodge) in May of 1948 as to the ritual of Ashlar Lodge. MWBro. MWBro. Incidentally, the 1st lodge formed at Nanaimo was an English Lodge Nanaimo #1090 which later on in 1873 amalgamated with Caledonia Lodge to become Ashlar Lodge #3 of the Grand Lodge of B.C. which still continues to practice the American work. All of these lodges chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland prior to the formation of the Grand Lodge of B.C. became commonly known as Scottish Lodges, and to a later generation of brethren who did not know the difference, came the erroneous conception that they were doing the Scottish work. Bro. Barney attended the now historical Conference of Grand Lodges at Baltimore in 1843 where that work was approved. It was followed by the Grand Lodges of Ohio and Missouri by whom the lodges in California were warranted, and it was adopted as the official ritual of the Grand Lodge of California in 1850. MWBro. I have in my possession a number of Scottish rituals , including the Standard Ritual of Scottish Freemasonry , and the ritual as practised by the Canongate Kilwinning Lodge #2 in Edinburgh. By a unique paradox, Lodge Southern Cross #44 (Australian) is the only lodge in B.C. (and the USA) that is doing the Scottish work. JJ Miller and others who founded Lodge Southern Cross and used the official printed rituals of the Grand Lodge of New South Wales. The policy eventually adopted when the Grand Lodge of B.C. was formed in 1871 was to allow any new lodge the right to use any form of recognized ritual they desired. This rule was to be responsible for the high proportion of Ancient work lodges in B.C.

Ashlar Lodge arose out of the union of Caledonia Lodge#478 and Nanaimo Lodge #1090. Two prominent members of these latter lodges (WBro. Solomon D. Levi) were first members of Union Lodge in New Westminster and were obliged to use the English ritual because of the Grand Lodge policy. These men were used to the ancient work and so they applied for a charter from the Grand Lodge of Scotland. This was how Caledonia Lodge #478 came into existence.

The Real Secret of Freemasonry

WBro. N Ryder

What is the real secret of Freemasonry? Then it's the ritual? Then what is the secret? Why do you find a lodge in virtually every country of the world? I mean a deeper care and concern for our brothers.

We are a Fraternity -- Just what is a Fraternity?

My on computer's line thesaurus gives the following other words for fraternal;

brotherly, devoted, friendly, congenial, intimate these words lead to others such as:

kindly, charitable, compassionate, humane, forgiving, faithful, comradely.

Are these words familiar? I feel that the Secret of Freemasonry is combined in these words, and it is entirely possible that freemasonry is responsible for some of these word associations. Comradely is an example of one that may have actually developed because of the association of the words masonry and brother. Our society may have developed in part from some early esoteric studies, it certainly developed from the early trade union or guild philosophy of aiding and assisting their members. "To relieve the distressed is a duty incumbent upon all men but more especially upon Masons who are linked together by an indissoluble chain of sincere affection. The pillars of society were masons. By pillars of society I mean not only the financial pillars but, also the moral and spiritual pillars. They were pillars of society not because they were mason but, rather they were masons because they were morally and ethically pillars of society.

Masonry as we know it grew during the Industrial Revolution a time when society was changing. Changing drastically. Masonry served several purposes then

A support group of new family members -- "brothers" to aid, assist, to be helped - we all want to be needed and help others at times.

The lodges provided a convenient place to meet travelling brothers, to receive news from home to send news to home.

When I look at the early minutes from Concord Lodge, I see that lodge members helped brother so and so build his house -- don't need to do that Canadian Mortgage and Housing will back a loan. The Real Secret was not that we did these things for a brother in need, the Secret was we were there for him when it was needed.

Masonry in years past protected its members and families from some of these trials and tribulations of life. Our society is once again changing at a rapid rate. Is masonry today fulfilling the need of society? What is the need of society? How can masonry change yet remain true to our ancient landmarks? If we change, can we change in a way that will attract new members. How do we demonstrate, not by big brass bands. How about by being there when needed not only for a brother but also a member of the public. This brother reported back "I was surprised by another brother with the words "sojourning brother" eh? I then realised that he was a brother and a member of Concord Lodge."

We have to actually compete for members. We build it stronger.



Unless otherwise noted, all contents copyright 1951- 2005 Manoah Lodge

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